As your child moves through Nursery and Infant School here is what you should expect your child to be able to do within Computing and Technology and some suggestions of how you can support them at home…
Aged 22 -36 months – Your child…
Seeks to acquire basic skills in turning on and operating some ICT equipment.
Support children in exploring the control technology of toys, turning these on and pushing buttons, discuss what happens.
Operates mechanical toys, e.g. turns the knob on a wind-up toy or pulls back on a friction car.
Give your child access to toys that need to be pressed, pulled or turned to make them move.
Aged 36 – 50 months - Your child…
Knows how to operate simple equipment, e.g. turns on CD player and uses remote control.
With adult supervision encourage your child to operate simple equipment at home safely. For example, turning on the washing machine, changing channels on the tv etc.
Shows an interest in technological toys with knobs or pulleys, or real objects such as cameras or mobile phones.
Draw your child’s attention to technological toys and equipment and discuss how they work.
Shows skill in making toys work by pressing parts or lifting flaps to achieve effects such as sound, movements or new images.
Look in charity shops, libraries for books and toys with moving parts and sounds.
Knows that information can be retrieved from computers.
With adult supervision try searching within a website for things that your child is interested in. For example, use search on the CBeebies website to find activities linked to your child’s favourite show.
Aged 40 – 60 months - Your child…
Completes a simple program on a computer.
Use one of our suggested websites to complete an activity.
Uses ICT hardware to interact with age-appropriate computer software.
Use child friendly cameras, simple apps on tablets and phones, encourage familiarisation with a mouse and keyboard clicking on different icons to cause things to happen in a simple computer program.
By the end of Reception Year - Your child…
Recognises that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools.
Go on a technology hunt around the house, what different pieces of technology can you find?
Selects and uses technology for particular purposes.
Discuss appropriate technology to use in a given scenario. For example, if you wanted to speak to someone in a different house, how could you contact them?
In Year 1 your child will be introduced to and at the end of Year 2 be able to:
Understand what algorithms are (step by step instructions); how they are implemented as programs on digital devices; and that programs execute by following precise and unambiguous instructions.
Draw a simple picture or make a simple model out of Lego. Give your child step by step instructions on how to draw your picture or make your model. At the end compare pictures or models, were your instructions simple and clear? Did your child miss out an instruction? Was the end product what you expected?
Create and debug simple programs.
There are now a number of remote control /programmable toys available to buy which respond to instructions given or practise writing simple instructions with one instruction incorrect, can your child debug your instructions to see where you went wrong?
Use logical reasoning to predict the behaviour of simple programs.
If your child plays games through an App, computer program or console discuss how your child is telling the machine what to do. Make predictions of what might happen if you press a certain button or enter a specific instruction.
Use technology purposefully to create, organise, store, manipulate and retrieve digital content.
Encourage your child to take photos when out and about, support your child in uploading and sending photos and messages to members of your family.
Recognise common uses of information technology beyond school.
Find examples of technology at home that respond to a set of programmable instructions and enter instructions to make these work. For example, cooking popcorn in a microwave.
Use technology safely and respectfully, keeping personal information private; identify where to go for help and support when they have concerns about content or contact on the internet or other online technologies.
Encourage your child to use child friendly search engines for example, ‘Kidrex’, ‘You Tube Kids’.
With your child watch short videos on how to keep safe online (e-safety); see our ‘Think You Know’ link. Discuss with your child what they should do if they come across something that unsettles them and the importance of not sharing any personal information with strangers. For extra safety ensure that you as adults have parental locks on all your devices, tv included.